Differences in the prevalence of hormone-related diseases have been observed among distinct ethnic populations living in the same community, including Malaysia 11 - Qualified physicians collected patient histories and basic medical examination. Contributed by Chin KY recruited the participants, implemented the research, conducted the assays and wrote the manuscript. This study examined the distributions and the ethnic and age-related differences in sex hormones between Malay and Chinese men living in Malaysia who ranged in age from young adults to the elderly. Significant age and race differences existed in estradiol levels.
The participants' ages ranged from years, with a mean of Differences in the prevalence of hormone-related diseases have been observed among distinct ethnic populations living in the same community, including Malaysia 11 - The weight of participants with light clothing was determined using a standardized balance beam scale and recorded to the nearest 0. Demographic Data Data regarding age, ethnicity, social background, lifestyle i. The participants fasted for at least eight hours prior to the blood collection. Information concerning ethnic differences in sex hormone levels might also aid decisions regarding whether different androgen deficiency cutoff points are needed for separate ethnic groups in a multiracial setting. Mohamed IN provided a critical statistical review of the manuscript. In this sample, A Kruskal-Wallis H-test was used for skewed data, and post hoc analyses were conducted using multiple Mann-Whitney U-tests with Bonferroni adjustments to reduce Type I errors. A total of males of Malay and Chinese ethnicity residing in the Klang Valley Malaysia underwent a detailed screening, and their blood was collected for sex hormones analyses. Hormone Measurements Blood collection was conducted between 8: The participants were advised to bring their previous medical records and their current medical prescriptions to the screening to be examined by qualified physicians. Variations in the prevalence of sex-hormone-related diseases have been observed between Asian ethnic groups living in the same country; however, available data concerning their sex hormone levels are limited. Serum was extracted immediately after the blood collection, and a portion of it was sent for total testosterone, total estradiol and albumin assays. The participants were screened using a detailed demographic questionnaire that included their medical history. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. In addition to sexual function, androgens are important in maintaining bone health 1 , muscle strength 2 , body composition 2 , 3 and cognitive status 4 in men. The data of participants Qualified physicians collected patient histories and basic medical examination. A factorial analysis of variance ANOVA was used to assess the effects of normally distributed data, including age in decades and ethnicity, on sex hormones. Data on the normative value of sex hormones in men would help physicians to diagnose androgen deficiencies and decide whether to initiate sex hormone replacement therapy. Sample A total of men visited the osteoporosis screening facility during the study period, and This study examined the distributions and the ethnic and age-related differences in sex hormones between Malay and Chinese men living in Malaysia who ranged in age from young adults to the elderly. All of the test principles and procedures were performed according to the manufacturer's instructions. Participants who visited the health screening facility at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia were recruited between September and September During the fasting period, the participants were allowed to consume water but no other beverages or food.
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