Risk of trichomoniasis was also increased, but not significantly, in girls who used a pit latrine or the bush as opposed to a flush toilet and in girls who slept on a mat instead of a bed or mattress. In conclusion, we confirmed the high prevalence rate of T. However, more research is needed on the role of T. Reduction of concentration of HIV-1 in semen after treatment of urethritis: However it is highly unlikely that this is the only explanation for the high prevalence of trichomoniasis in girls who stated that they had never had sex. Although trichomoniasis is very prevalent worldwide, there is still some uncertainty about its significance in terms of morbidity and mortality .
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. We have not been able to identify the routes of transmission and further studies are needed to improve our understanding of the routes of transmission of T. Colorimetric one-tube nested PCR for detection of Trichomonas vaginalis in vaginal discharge. The average estimate was 23 per cent, with a sizable proportion 17 per cent estimating over 40 per cent. Trichomonas vaginalis transmission in a family. HSV-2 infection may play an important role in increasing the vulnerability of young girls for HIV, but we can not exclude trichomoniasis as a risk factor in these girls. We hypothesise that bathing in water that is shared with other women in the household is a route of non-sexual transmission of T. We postulate that the high prevalence of trichomonas infection in young girls in Ndola who reported to be virgins, is due to frequent non-sexual transmission of trichomoniasis. A recent publication of a nested-case control study demonstrated a strong association between vaginal trichomoniasis and subsequent acquisition of HIV infection adjusted OR, 2. The first possible explanation for our finding is that young girls have underreported their sexual activity. Although trichomoniasis is very prevalent worldwide, there is still some uncertainty about its significance in terms of morbidity and mortality . Lack of evidence for the involvement of rectal and oral trichomonads in the aetiology of vaginal trichomoniasis in Ghana. However it is highly unlikely that this is the only explanation for the high prevalence of trichomoniasis in girls who stated that they had never had sex. The young parents I have spoken to generally felt the programme, and the way it was edited, encouraged judgment from the audience. The actual percentage of girls under 16 getting pregnant each year was 0. There is also mounting evidence that infection with T. This is rather unlikely and in contrast with the results of recent surveys on sexual behaviour in Zambia. Trichomonas vaginalis infection and human immunodeficiency virus acquisition in African women. Global prevalence and incidence estimates of selected curable STDs. Showing real teenage parents without ready-made scripts may not so much glamorise them, as humanise them. The lower prevalence of trichomoniasis in this study can be explained by the fact that all the girls in this study were attending school, whereas in the previous study women were recruited from the general population and were probably on average of lower socio-economic status. However, more research is needed on the role of T. We thank all study participants. A systematic review of the epidemiologic interactions between classic sexually transmitted diseases and HIV, How much really is known? Among women who denied sexual activity and were HSV-2 negative, the prevalence of trichomoniasis was
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